‘Good looking people with strong, fluoridated teeth get things handed to them on platters.’ – Douglas Coupland

Introduction

The above quote clearly expresses the power of a beautiful smile. People who carry a confident smile are more pretty than people who wear the most expensive jewellery and carry branded accessories. The smile makes people around you especially your loved ones happy.

Not only in your personal life but in your professional life as well, the most critical presentation and difficult deals can be cracked with a confident smile. Whether you are facing a job interview or an appraisal meeting with your senior, your smile is your strength.

Therefore to make the best use of your smile, you need to take good care of your teeth. Visit your dentist regularly, maintain good oral hygiene and make sure your teeth, gums and oral features are disease and infection free.

What is Gum Disease?

People are very particular about their teeth but often forget that gums are equally important. It is the gums where the roots of teeth are placed, therefore taking care of gums is equally important.

If your gums get infected with the bacteria, they can suffer serious damage which results in swelling and bleeding. In the early stages, this disease is called Gingivitis.

This bacterial infection when left untreated for a long time grows in quantity increasing the collection of plaque around the gums. The inner layer of the gums pulls away from teeth making small pockets where plaque and toxins get accumulated and further weaken the gum and surrounding the teeth ultimately leading to tooth loss. This advanced stage of the disease is called Periodontitis.

Causes of Gum Diseases

Bacterial infection is the root cause of Periodontitis. Although recent research shows that genes to some extent are responsible for gum diseases. Bacteria can enter our mouth through infected food or air.

 These bacteria get accumulated in the mouth and produce toxins that build up in the mouth. Toxins irritate the gums. If you regularly clean and floss your mouth, the bacteria and toxins are washed away.

But if the teeth and gums are not properly cleaned then over some time the bacteria form a film called plaque, and this plaque further becomes hard and is called tartar. This tartar then needs to be removed by a professional dental healthcare expert.

Symptoms of Periodontitis

Gum diseases show lots of symptoms that are noticeable. Here are a few of them:

  • Bleeding or swelling of gums after the use of the toothbrush.
  • Bad breath even though you are following all steps of oral hygiene.
  • Change in the way teeth join together after bite.
  • The teeth might get loosened from their position.
  • Increase in teeth sensitivity.
  • Bad taste in the mouth.

Diagnosis

Once you visit the dentist, he will take a piece of detailed information about your oral health. Then he will examine your mouth for any loose teeth or swollen gums. He might use a probe to check the pockets that might have formed between gums and teeth. 

Usually, a dentist diagnoses and does the gum disease treatment but in some cases, your dentist might refer you to a Periodontist, a person who has been specially trained to treat gum disease.

Treatment of Gingivitis

If your gum disease is at an initial stage, your dental healthcare provider will use various tools and clean the pockets where the plaque is accumulated. In the clinic, it is also possible for him to remove the hard tartar that is stuck inside the pockets between the teeth and gums. Once the harmful tartar is removed, the gums restore themselves to their original condition on their own. 

The Dentist will send you home with aftercare instructions that need to be strictly followed to support the healing of gums. He will also give a few tips to follow to prevent the disease from reoccurring.

Treatment of Periodontitis

The treatment of Periodontitis depends on how seriously it has affected the surrounding tooth and gums. If the damage is not much, scaling is done to remove the plaque. 

In some serious cases, the bone structure lost due to Periodontitis needs to be rebuilt. In worse cases, gum disease treatment includes the removal of the damaged tooth to completely heal the gums and surrounding area.

Dental Crowns

Often due to some external causes or underlying health conditions, your teeth might get, chipped, broken or decayed. This might also happen if you do not take good care of your teeth and do not perform all the necessary steps for good oral hygiene.

In these cases, Dental crowns which are a covering for the teeth are applied on the damaged ones to protect them from further decaying and breaking.

Dental Crowns are customised according to every patient so that they match the natural colour of the teeth. Hence they are hardly noticeable.

They are usually made of metal, ceramic or porcelain.

Benefits of using Dental Crowns

Listed below are a few benefits of using Crowns:

  • Crowns are often used during restorative procedures like enamel repair or root canal treatment as during these procedures the tooth becomes sensitive due to temperature and pressure.
  • The placement of the crown on the damaged tooth is a simple procedure and does not require many invasions.
  • Since crowns are custom made they restore your original smile and you will notice no difference.

Conclusion

Gums are an important part of your mouth. They are soft tissues where the roots of your healthy teeth are positioned. Any damage to the gums can lead to serious damage to your teeth. Therefore they should be equally taken care of just like your teeth.

Coastal Smiles Family Dentistry has many dental health care experts who can help you detect your gum disease at an early stage so that you can heal with the minimum treatment procedures.

Maintain good oral hygiene and always follow important steps to keep your gums healthy. Only then you will retain sparkling teeth to smile confidently.