People with periodontal disease often experience inflammation, bleeding gums, bad breath, and swollen periodontal pockets. Recent studies have shown that scaling and root planing, a standard treatment for periodontal disease, can improve oral health by reducing inflammation and bacteria levels.
Let’s explore how periodontal scaling and root planing improve your overall health, along with some basic details about this treatment.
What is Periodontal Scale and Root Planing?
This procedure, known as deep cleaning, is a standard dental procedure used to treat gum disease. It involves scaling and removing plaque and tartar from the teeth and roots below the gum line.
Scaling and root planning also include planing or smoothing the roots of the teeth to help prevent plaque buildup.
Causes of periodontal disease
Penetrating trauma, such as a deep bite or a punch can cause the gums to recede and separate from the teeth. This can create pockets between the teeth and gums that allow bacteria to grow and flourish.
Poor oral hygiene is another common cause of periodontal disease. When plaque and bacteria are not removed regularly with brushing and flossing, they can harden into tartar (calculus).
The buildup of tartar on the tooth surface irritates the gums and causes them to swell and bleed. Genetics may also play a role in periodontal disease. Some people are more prone to developing the condition due to their biology.
Plaque and tartar are the leading causes of periodontal disease. Smoking is another risk factor for periodontal disease. Cigarette smoke contains toxins that can damage gum tissue and bone.
Symptoms of periodontal disease
Periodontal disease is a severe and progressive infection of the gums and bones that support the teeth. It is caused by bacteria colonizing the tooth surface and forming a sticky film called plaque.
If plaque is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it hardens into tartar, which can only be removed through professional cleaning.
The bacteria in plaque and tartar cause inflammation of the gums, which can progress to periodontal pockets (gaps between the gum and tooth), bone loss, and even tooth loss.
The symptoms of periodontal disease include:
- Swollen and red gums
- Bleeding during brushing or flossing
- Bad breath
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth
- Pain chewing or biting down
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you must see a dentist for a diagnosis and treatment plan.
Treatment for periodontal disease
Periodontal diseases have scaling, and root planing is a standard treatment for periodontal disease. The procedure involves scraping and cleaning the teeth’s surfaces above and below the gum line and then smoothing the teeth’ roots with a “root planer.”
This treatment can help improve gum health by removing plaque and tartar buildup and reducing inflammation.
How do scaling and root planing work?
It is often called a “deep cleaning,” is a general procedure used to treat gum disease. The goal of scaling and root planing is to remove plaque and tartar from teeth and the roots of teeth below the gum line. This helps to improve gum health by removing bacteria and inflammation-causing substances.
What are the Benefits?
This procedure, also known as deep cleaning, is used to clean the teeth and gums. Scaling and root planing equip special tools to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth and roots.
It can help to improve gum health by removing bacteria and toxins that can cause inflammation and infection. The procedure can also reduce the risk of tooth loss.
Last to say
Periodontal scaling and root planing are two effective methods for improving oral health. By removing plaque and tartar from teeth and gums, these treatments can help reduce the risk of gum disease and other oral health problems.
If you are experiencing any symptoms of gum disease, such as redness, swelling, or bleeding gums, it is essential to seek treatment from a dentist and get rid of them.
1-Clinical significance of non-surgical periodontal therapy: an evidence-based perspective of scaling and root planing
2-Impact of Local Adjuncts to Scaling and Root Planing in Periodontal Disease Therapy: A Systematic Review